Política del Gobierno de Corea del Sur para la industria de la construcción naval: del estado desarrollista al estado neoliberal (1953-2018)

  • Wonchul Shin Pusan National University
Palabras clave: Corea, Industria naval, Políticas públicas, relaciones estado-industria

Resumen

En el contexto de la historia exitosa de la industria naval coreana, se han creado numerosas leyendas y personajes heroicos. Por un lado, se considera a la dictadura desarrollista al tiempo que se destaca el papel positivo de Park Chung-Hee y el gobierno. Otros han enfatizado el papel de los propietarios o empresarios de Chaebol desde una perspectiva orientada al mercado. Curiosamente, las dos visiones a menudo se combinan. En este artículo profundizamos el debate acerca de los factores de éxito para examinar cómo ha cambiado la relación entre el gobierno y el mercado y qué dificultades y problemas tuvieron que enfrentar los trabajadores del astillero en el proceso. En particular, en este texto analizamos la política del gobierno para la industria de la construcción naval durante las recesiones.

Este artículo proporciona una visión general de la política del gobierno coreano para la industria de la construcción naval y la estrategia comercial de Hyundai Heavy Industries (en adelante, HHI), el astillero líder de Corea del Sur. Especialmente, se centraría en el proceso histórico de estructuración de las relaciones entre el estado y el mercado, o las relaciones entre el gobierno y la industria. Los conflictos laborales relacionados con la reestructuración también se mencionarán brevemente.

La primera parte investigará las transformaciones históricas de la política de promoción de la construcción naval del estado en desarrollo a la política neoliberal de reestructuración para enfrentar la depresión de la construcción naval. Los efectos e implicaciones de tal transformación en las relaciones laborales también se mencionarán brevemente. La segunda parte abordará el llamado éxito del HHI y su reciente reestructuración.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Amorim, F., N. Araujo, E. Serra, and R. Rosental. 1995. “A global evaluation of the Brazilian shipbuilding industry”. Transactions on the Built Environment. Vol. 11: 721-730.

Amsden, Alice H. 1989. Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bae, Suk-Man. 2007. “Analysis of Hyundai Group's Entry into the Shipbuilding Industry in the Early 1970s-A Review of the Roles of State and Private Enterprises in Korea's Development Period”. Contemporary Korean and Choseon Studies(現代韓国朝鮮研究). Vol. 7: 24-43. (in Japanese)

Bae, Suk-Man. 2010. “Promotion Policies of Shipbuilding Industry in the Park Chung Hee Regime Period, and Japan - Focusing on Introduction of 2.22 Million Shipbuilding Materials by Korea Shipbuilding and Engineering Corporation in the 1960s”. The Review of Business History. Vol. 25 No. 3: 249-281. (in Korean)

Bae, Suk-Man. 2011. “Study on the Introduction and Establishment Process of Shipbuilding Technology in Pioneer Days of Hyundai Heavy Industries”. The Review of Business History. Vol. 26 No. 3: 181-214. (in Korean)

Bae, Suk-Man. 2018. “The Korean Shipbuilding Industry in the 1960s~70s: Dramatic Conversion to an Industry specialized in Exportation”. Critical Review of History. 122: 71-105. (in Korean)

Bae, Yong-Ho. 2002. “Chapter 6 Shipbuilding Technology Development in Hyundai Heavy Industries Co. Ltd.” Case Study on Technological Innovations of Korean Firms, edited by Bae et al, 132-155. Seoul: Sciences & Technology Policy Institute.

Bruno, Lars and Stig Tenold. 2011. “The Basis for South Korea's Ascent in the Shipbuilding Industry, 1970-1990”. Mariners Mirror. Vol. 97 No. 3: 201-217.

Cho, Dong Sung and Michael E. Porter. 1986. “Changing Global Industry Leadership: The Case of Shipbuilding”. Competition in Global Industries edited by Michael E. Porter, 539-568. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Cho, Hanna. 2016. “A Discourse Analysis on the Industrialization of South Korea's Heavy Chemical Industry in the 1980's: With focus on governmental support for DSME in 1989”. Journal of Korean Politics. Vol. 25 No. 3: 57-84. (in Korean)

Cho, Hanna. 2017. “Kim Young-Sam Government's Deregulation Policy and Discursive Politics toward the Shipbuilding Industry”. Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences 18(4): 413-438. (in Korean)

Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co., Ltd. 2004. Okpo Shipyard: Three Decades of Trust and Passion, 1973~2003.

DuBois, Frank L. and Marcos Andre Mendes Primo. 2016. “State capitalism and clusters: the case of Brazilian shipbuilding”. International Journal of Emerging Markets. Vol. 11 Issue 2: 214-231,

Eich-Born, M. and Robert Hassink. 2005. “On the Battle between Shipbuilding Regions in Germany and South Korea”. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space. Vol. 37 No. 4: 635–656.

Glen, David. 2006. “Shipbuilding disputes: the WTO panel rulings and the elimination of operating subsidy from shipbuilding”. Maritime Policy and Management. Vol. 33 No. 1: 1-21.

Hassink, Robert and Dong-Ho Shin. 2005. “South Korea's shipbuilding industry: From a couple of Cathedrals in the desert to an innovative cluster”. Asian Journal of Technology Innovation. Vol. 13 Issue 2: 133-155.

Hong, Seok-Eui. 1982. “Technological progresses in shipbuilding”. Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea. Vol. 19: 71-77. (in Korean)

Hyundai Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. 1992. A 20-year History of Hyundai Heavy Industry. (in Korean)

Hyundai Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. 1998. Traditions of Excellence: Hyundai Shipyard, Yesterday and Today.

Hyundai Heavy Industries Group. 2018. Corporate Governance Reform & Dividend Policy.

Ji, Joo-Hyoung. 2011. The origins and making of neo-liberalism in South Korea. Chaeksesang Publishing Co. (in Korean).

Jonsson, Gabriel. 1995. Shipbuilding in South Korea: A Comparative Study, Institute of Oriental Languages. Stockholm: Institute of Oriental Languages, Stockholm University.

Kang, J. Y., Song Kim, Hugh Murphy and Stig Tenold. 2015. “Old Methods Versus New: A Comparison of Very Large Crude Carrier construction at Scott Lithgow and Hyundai Heavy Industries, 1970-1977”. Mariners Mirror Vol. 101 Issue 4: 426-457.

Kang, J. Y., Song Kim, Hugh Murphy and Stig Tenold. 2016. “British financial, managerial and technical assistance in establishing the global shipbuilding giant, Hyundai Heavy Industries”. International Journal of Maritime History. Vol. 28 Issue 1: 81-101.

Kim, Joo-Hwan. 1999. “State-Business Relations and the ‘Support-Discipline’ Thesis in the Korean 'Developmental State”. Korea and World Politics. Vol. 15 No. 2: 143-172. (in Korean)

Kim, Joo-Hwan. 2008. “A Study of World Championship of Korean Shipbuilding Industry: With a Focus on Developmental Strategy Responding to Product Cycle”. Korean Journal of Political Science. Vol. 16 No. 1: 251-275. (in Korean)

Kim, Jun. 2006. “A Study on the 'Labor Riot' at a Korean Giant Shipyard in 1974”. Society and History Vol. 69: 83-120. (in Korean)

Kim, Yong-Bok. 2005. “The Industrial Policy Processes of Korea in 1980s: the case of the Industry Development Law”. The Journal of International Relations. Vol. 8 No. 1: 237-255.

Korea Development Bank Research Department. 1958. “An analysis of the status of Korean shipbuilding industry”. Monthly report of Korea Development Bank May 1958. (in Korean)

Korea Development Bank Research Department. 1962. “Shipbuilding in Korea”. Monthly report of Korea Development Bank October 1962. (in Korean)

Korea Institute for Maritime Affairs(ed.). 1984. The forty years of development of the modern shipping in Korea. (in Korean)

Korea shipbuilding and Engineering Corporation 1969. A thirty-year history of the Korea Shipbuilding and Engineering Corporation. (in Korean)

Korean Entrepreneurs’ Association. 1997. Korean shipbuilding industry. Seoul. (in Korean)

Lee, Kyoung-Mook and Seung-Yeub Park. 2013. Success Factors of Korean Shipbuilding Companies. Seoul: Seoul National University Press. (in Korean)

Nam, Hwasook. 2009. Building ships, building a nation: Korea’s democratic unionism under Park Chung Hee. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

OECD's Council Working Party on Shipbuilding. 2015. Peer Review of the Korean Shipbuilding Industry and Related Government Policies.

Park, Ki-Joo. 2018. “Process and Evaluation of Heavy Chemical Industry Investment Adjustment in the Early 1980-1982”. Review of Economic History. Vol. 42 No. 1: 3-35. (in Korean).

Park, Young-Goo. 2015. “Korea and IBRD: Case of ‘Hyundai International Incorporated’ in the 1970s and Its Policy Historical Implications”. Locality and Globality: Korean Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 39 No. 1: 85-112.

Park, Young-Goo. 2016. “What Really Happened in the Beginning of Korean Modern Shipbuilding Industry in 1971?”. Journal of Koreanology. Vol. 61: 431-462. (in Korean).

Park, Young-Goo. 2018. Heavy and Chemical Industrialization in Korea: A Study On the Shipbuilding Industry. Seoul: Haenam Publishing (in Korean).

Poulsen, R., K. Jensen, R. Christensen and L. Jiang. 2017. “Corporate Strategies and Global Competition: Odense Steel Shipyard, 1918–2012”. Business History Review. Vol. 91 No. 4: 707-734.

Samsung Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. 2004. A 30-year History of Samsung Heavy Industries. (in Korean)

Shin, Dong-Ho and Robert Hassink. 2011. “Cluster Life Cycles: The Case of the Shipbuilding Industry Cluster in South Korea”. Regional Studies. Vol. 45 No. 10: 1387-1402.

Shin, Wonchul. 2003. “The formation and evolution of internal subcontracting workers: a case study on the Hyundai Heavy Industries”. Korean Labor Studies. Vol. 9 No. 1: 107-141. (in Korean)

Shin, Wonchul. 2004. “The evolution of enterprise union system in Korea (1945-1987); with a focus on the shipbuilding industry”. Economy and Society. Vol. 64: 118-147. (in Korean)

Shin, Wonchul. 2016. “Financialization and Overinvestment in Shipping and Shipbuilding Sectors”, Democratic Society and Policy Studies. Vol. 31: 191-224. (in Korean)

Shin, Wonchul. 2018. “The evolution of labour relations in the South Korean shipbuilding industry: A case study of Hanjin Heavy Industries, 1950-2014”. Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Workers around the World: Case Studies 1950-2010, edited by Raquel Varela, Hugh Murphy and Marcel van der Linden, 615-636. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Sofue, Rie (祖父江利衛). 2005. “British shipbuilding and the entrance of the Korean Hyundai conglomerate into shipbuilding – A British shipyard’s strategy of technical support and its failure”. History and Economy Vol. 186: 19-34. (in Japanese)

Stopford, R. M. and J. R. Barton. 1986. “Economic problems of shipbuilding and the state”. Maritime Policy and Management . Vol. 13 No. 1: 27-44.

Stråth, Bo. 1987. The politics of de-industrialization - The contraction of the West European Shipbuilding Industry. New York: Croom Helm Ltd.

Todd, Daniel. 1991. Industrial Dislocation: the case of global shipbuilding. London: Routledge.
Publicado
2019-12-01
Cómo citar
Shin, W. (2019). Política del Gobierno de Corea del Sur para la industria de la construcción naval: del estado desarrollista al estado neoliberal (1953-2018). Anuario Centro De Estudios Económicos De La Empresa Y El Desarrollo, (12), 135-172. Recuperado a partir de http://ojs.econ.uba.ar/index.php/CEEED/article/view/1581
Sección
Principal