Evolución de la distribución de salarios en una economía volátil:

evidencia para la Argentina

  • Andrés Blanco University of Michigan
  • Bernardo Diaz de Astarloa Universidad de Buenos Aires
  • Andrés Drenik University of Texas at Austin
  • Christian Moser Columbia University
  • Danilo Trupkin Instituto Interdisciplinario de Economía Política de Buenos Aires (IIEP UBA CONICET)
Palabras clave: Desigualdad de salarios, Volatilidad, Movilidad, Rigidez salarial, Inflación

Resumen

Este artículo estudia la desigualdad de los salarios y su dinámica en la Argentina entre 1996 y 2015. Luego de la crisis de 2001-2002, la economía argentina pasó de un régimen de baja inflación a uno de alta inflación. Al mismo tiempo, aumentó el número de convenios colectivos y los ajustes del salario mínimo se hicieron más frecuentes. En el presente trabajo, documentamos que esta transición macroeconómica estuvo asociada con una disminución persistente en la dispersión de los salarios reales y en los movimientos cíclicos de los momentos de orden superior de la distribución de los cambios salariales. Para comprender esta transición a nivel micro, estimamos procesos para los salarios regulares dentro de los períodos de los trabajadores en sus puestos. En tanto la economía argentina transicionó de la inflación baja a la inflación alta, la frecuencia mensual de los ajustes de salarios regulares casi se duplicó, mientras que la distribución de los cambios en los salarios regulares pasó de tener una moda cercana a cero y sesgo positivo a tener una moda positiva y ser más simétrica

Biografía del autor/a

Andrés Blanco, University of Michigan

University of Michigan. Michigan, Estados Unidos

Bernardo Diaz de Astarloa, Universidad de Buenos Aires

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas. Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas. Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS). La Plata, Argentina.

Andrés Drenik, University of Texas at Austin

University of Texas at Austin. Texas, Estados Unidos.

Christian Moser, Columbia University

Columbia University. New York, Estados Unidos.
Indiana University-Bloomington. Center for Evaluation, Policy, & Research (CEPR). Indiana, Estados Unidos.

Danilo Trupkin, Instituto Interdisciplinario de Economía Política de Buenos Aires (IIEP UBA CONICET)

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas. Buenos Aires, Argentina.
CONICET-Universidad de Buenos Aires. Instituto Interdisciplinario de Economía Política de Buenos Aires (IIEP). Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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Cómo citar
Blanco, A., Diaz de Astarloa, B., Drenik, A., Moser, C., & Trupkin, D. (1). Evolución de la distribución de salarios en una economía volátil:. Documentos De Trabajo Del Instituto Interdisciplinario De Economía Política, (69), 1-93. Recuperado a partir de https://ojs.econ.uba.ar/index.php/DT-IIEP/article/view/2539